Just a short post for today. The Ceratopygidae are a family of trilobites known from the Late Cambrian and Early Ordovician. The name of the type genus, Ceratopyge, means 'horned rump', and one of the features that has classically defined the family is the presence of one or two pairs of spines on either side of the pygidium, the plate the makes up that hind end of a trilobite. These spines appear to be derived from lateral extensions of one of the anterior segments incorporated into the pygidium. However, there are also some genera without pygidial spines that share other features with the family (such as a narrow rim to the cheeks) and so have also been recognised as ceratopygids. Ceratopygids also possessed narrow spines extending back from the posterior corners of the head. The number of segments between head and pygidium varied between genera: early genera have nine segments, but some later genera have only six (Fortey & Chatterton 1988) (offhand, the drawing above looks to have one too many segments).
Otherwise, ceratopygids seem to have been fairly generalised trilobites. The eyes were present but not large, and there don't appear to be any features suggesting they were swimmers. The features of the underside of the head are poorly known in ceratopygids overally, but where known, the hypostome (the plate on the underside of the head that would have sat in front of the mouth) is firmly attached to the anterior margin of the head. Trilobites with this arrangement are believed to have been scavengers or predators on small invertebrates (Fortey & Owens 1999). In some later genera, such as Ceratopyge, the glabella in the midline of the cephalon expanded forward, with a corresponding reduction in the width of the anterior margin. As the glabella would have contained the trilobite's stomach, its enlargement may indicate that these later ceratopygids were taking larger prey.
Fortey, R. A., & B. D. E. Chatterton. 1988. Classification of the trilobite suborder Asaphina. Palaeontology 31 (1): 165-222.
Fortey, R. A., & R. M. Owens. 1999. Feeding habits in trilobites. Palaeontology 42 (3): 429-465.