FieldNotes: How The Bird Got Its Beak
19 hours ago in Field Notes
Know you not that around the animalcule that sports in the water there shines a halo, as around the star (The Monas mica, found in the purest pools, is encompassed with a halo. And this is frequent amongst many other species of animalcule.) that revolves in bright pastime through the space? True art finds beauty everywhere.--Zanoni, Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1842).
Die zweite Ordnung [der Infusorien] kann den Namen Phytozoidia erhalten, weil unter ihnen sehr viele Formen sich befinden, welche in ihrem Lebenscyklus in Wahrheit bald dem Thier- bald dem Pflanzenreiche angehören, zwischen beiden oscilliren, während andere, bei denen dies nicht der Fall ist, so sehr in Gestalt, Bau, Bewegung und sonstigem Verhalten mit ihnen übereinstimmen, dass an eine völlige Trennung nicht zu denken ist.
[The second order [of the Infusoria] may get the name Phytozoidia as it contains many forms, which in their life cycle truly belong at times to the animal — at times to the plant kingdom; they either oscillate between both, or, when this is not the case, are that similar to the former in shape, structure, motion, and other behavior, that they cannot be separated.]
Lenticula 3. microsc. simplicis puctulum lucidem conspicitur, aucta vero magnitudine animalculum ovale vel sphaericum, nam utramque figuram pro lubitu assumit, exhibetur. Hyalina est, circulo ovali intus inscripta; hic mobilis est, & in medio, vel versus antica vel versus postica videtur. Motus vacillatorius; saepe eodem in loco, assumata figura sphaerica, diu gyratur, tumque impressio reniformis oculo in medio corporis sistitur, animalculumque halone, absque dubio e ciliis vibrantibus invisibilibus orto, pulchre cingitur. In aquis purioribus passim.
[Under the lens 3 of a simple microscope it is seen as a bright dot, yet at higher magnification as oval or spherical animalcule, because it adopts at times the one, and at times the other shape. It is hyaline, with an oval shape inside, here it is motile and seen either in the centre or anteriorly or posteriorly. With trembling movement; often rotating in one place, then with a spherical shape but with a persisting kidney shaped depression near the centre of the body, and the animalcule is surrounded by a nice halo, which arises without doubt from trembling invisible cilia. In pure water.]
Nau mai, e Tama,
Ki te tai ao nei.
Kia whakangungua koe
Ki te kahikatoa.
Ki te tumatakuru.
Ki te tara-ongaonga;
Na tairo rawa
Nahau e Kupe
I waiho i te ao nei.
Thou'lt be a powerful shield against
The weapons of the world;
The sharp and deadly spears,
The pricking darts and stings
That fill the foeman's armoury;
Thou'lt conquer e'en the barriers
Which Kupe the explorer raised
To guard this new-found land.
An international collaboration to study insects in the Western Ghats mountains in southern India has been unable to get off the ground because of government concerns over biopiracy.
“There is no restriction on collection or export of a few specimens for research.... But exporting 200,000 specimens is not permissible.” The NBA encourages Indian scientists to send photographs or digital images to collaborators abroad instead of actual specimens, he says.